What is Wildlife
Wildlife can be considered undomesticated animal species and can also be all species that develop or live wild in an environment without being introduced by humans. Wildlife can also be referred to as game, those birds and mammals killed for sport and sometimes food.
Wildlife is present in all ecosystems. Deserts, plains, grasslands, woodlands, forests, and other environments, except for the most developed urban areas, all have special dimensions of wildlife.
Wildlife conservation societies came into existence because of the high rate of animals hunted down for sport or food, as people feared that most animals might go into extinction.
What is Wildlife Conservation?
Wildlife conservation means safeguarding wild species and their habitats to uphold healthy wildlife species or populations and to ensure, guard, or promote natural ecosystems.
Major wildlife threats include habitat destruction, degradation, fragmentation, overexploitation, poaching, pollution, and climate change. Most importantly, many wild organisms, even dangerous ones, are very important to human beings. This importance might be economical, educational, or emotional.
Due to the rapid extinction rate of wild species and their habitats, different wildlife conservation societies have been set up to tackle the unwanted situation and ensure the continuity of the wildlife species and their habitats. Below is the list of some top conservation societies.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
The purpose of WWF is to put a hold on the degradation of the planet's natural environment and to develop a future that makes humans live together with nature. How? By preserving the world's biological diversity making sure that the use of recyclable natural resources is maintained, ensuring the reduction of pollution and wasteful usage.
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)
The UK's biggest nature conservation society and charity is the RSPB, motivating humans to give nature a home. Their main objective is to safeguard endangered birds and wildlife so that towns, coasts, and the countryside will once again be with life.
The Nature Conservancy (TNC)
The purpose of The Nature Conservancy as a conservation society is to protect the lands and waters on which all life rests. Their vision is to ensure a world where different types of organisms thrive, and people act to protect nature for its own sake and its ability to carry out our needs and enrich our lives.
New Zealand Department of Conservation (NZ DOC)
The Department of Conservation is the public service department of New Zealand tasked with the conservation of New Zealand's natural and historical resources. The New Zealand Conservation Authority is an advisory body established to advise DOC and its ministers.
The Wildlife Trust
The Wildlife Trust is an organization comprising of 46 local Wildlife Trusts (county-based conservation organizations) in the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man. The Wildlife Trusts between them cater to almost 2,300 nature reserves exploring more than 98,000 hectares.
The National Trust
The National Trust, previously known as the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, is a conservation society in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and the biggest membership society in the United Kingdom.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
The IUCN is a global conservation society working in nature conservation and sustainable usage of natural resources. It participates in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education.
Conservation International (CI)
Conservation International is an American non-profit environmental organization located in Arlington, Virginia. Its visionis to safeguard nature as an origin of food, fresh water, livelihoods, and a good climate. The CI majorly researches science, policy, and partnership with businesses and communities.
BirdLife International is an international partnership of a conservation society that works hard to protect birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, partnering with people towards maintaining the usage of natural resources.
Pew Charitable Trusts
The Pew Charitable Trust is a non-profit, non-governmental society established in 1948. Owning over US $6 billion in assets, it uses evidence-based, non-partisan analysis to solve current problems. The Pew assists in protecting the wilderness, restoring biodiversity, and increasing understanding of ocean ecology.
British Antarctic Survey (BAS)
BAS delivers and ensures world-leading interdisciplinary research in the Polar Regions. Its experienced and efficient science and support staff based in Cambridge, Antarctica, and the Arctic, partner together to bring out research that uses the Polar Regions to enhance our understanding of Earth as a sustainable planet.
Blue Ventures develops transformative approaches for enhancing and sustaining marine life. The blue ventures organizations are located near areas and cultures that rely on the ocean for economic and cultural support. The people are committed to sustaining marine life as this helps the coastal people in the long run.
Zoological Society of London (ZSL)
ZSL is an international organization and scientific charity located in the UK. Established in 1826, ZSL is a global scientific, conservation, and educational charity whose goal is to enhance and achieve the worldwide conservation of animals and their habitats. Their goal is realized through their astonishing innovative science.
The National Audubon Society (Audubon)
Audubon is a non-governmental conservation society with the sole purpose of conservation. Established in the United States and incorporated in 1905, Audubon is one of the oldest such societies in the world. It uses science, education, and grassroots advocacy to progress its conservation objectives.
Student Conservation Association (SCA)
SCA's goal is to develop the next generation of conservation leaders and motivate lifelong stewardship of the environment and communities by developing young people in hands-on service to the land.
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
Wildlife Conservation Society was established in 1895 as the New York Zoological Society and currently works to protect over two million square miles of wildlife locations all over the globe.
Fauna & Flora International (FFI)
Founded over ten decades ago, FFI was the world's first global wildlife conservation society. Their goal is to protect endangered organisms and ecosystems worldwide, selecting long-lasting solutions based on sound science and considering human needs.
These wildlife conservation societies have helped in one way or another to preserve and conserve wildlife and nature, while holding the planet together and have also prevented some organisms from extinction.